Through the study and practice of Mussar students balance the characteristics or traits of their nefesh (soul) that cause the light within to dim. In Hebrew, the word for traits of the nefesh is middot. The singular form is middah.

While many middot are discussed in Mussar literature, in his book, Everyday Holiness, Alan Morinis explores 18 middot and lists 58 in the Soul Trait Inventory, p. 295

  • Humility – Anavah
  • Patience – Savlanut
  • Gratitude – Hakarat Ha’Tov
  • Compassion – Rachamim
  • Order – Seder
  • Equanimity – Menuchat Ha’Nefesh
  • Honor – Kovod
  • Simplicity – Histapkut
  • Enthusiasm – Zerizut
  • Silence – Sh’tikah
  • Generosity – Nedivut
  • Truth – Emet
  • Moderation – Shevil Ha’zahov
  • Loving-Kindness – Chesed
  • Responsibility – Achrayut
  • Trust – Bitchon
  • Faith – Emunah
  • Yirah – *No English translation is accurate. A close association is fear/awe.

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